The Perlis state is located at the western coast of Peninsular Malaysia and it is known as the smallest state in the whole of Malaysia. With just a land area not more than 900 square kilometer, the total population count of the Perlis state falls around the figure of 198335 as of the year 2000. The state capital of Perlis is known as Kangar whereas the royal town of Perlis is known as Arau. Aside from that, there is another main administrative district here in Perlis where the district is known as Padang Besar.
In the early days before the establishment of Malaysia, Perlis is actually a part of the Kedah empire. Throughout the historical events related to the Perlis state, there has been frequent changing power within the state between Siam, Aceh, British and as well as Japan. However, after the World War II when Japan surrendered, Perlis was retaken under the British administration. However, shortly after the formation for the Malayan Union, Perlis was released from the British’s jurisdiction.
For the main economy of the Perlis state, agriculture is by far the largest contributor towards the economy of Perlis. Aside from agriculture, both fishery and forestry also play a vital part in the economy cycle of the Perlis state. On top of all these, tourism in the Perlis state is also part of the contributor towards the economy of the state as several of the natural and historical attractions in Perlis state is indeed very interesting. However, despite this reason, the tourism in the Perlis state still doesn’t gain that much attentions when compared to other states like Penang, Ipoh and as well as Pahang. Partially, the reasoning behind this may be due to the fact where the administration and the law in the Perlis state are rather conservative thus lowering the chances of attracting more travelers.
For the tourism side of the Perlis state, within the state, there are quite a few of historical monuments and as well as various natural attractions. Although the Perlis state is the smallest state in Malaysia, within the state there are still a lot of natural attractions such as the lush green padi fields, picturesque natural sceneries and many others more. As for the weather in the Perlis state, the weather can be rather hot during the day, however, starting from night time until dawn, the weather can be more cooling and refreshing when compared to other urban cities.
Perlis was once a part of Kedah, which the Thais conquered in 1821. When Kedah was subsequently restored to the Sultan of Kedah, Perlis was separated from it. Perlis was then made into a separate vassal with its own raja. Similar with Kedah, power was transferred from the Thais to the British in 1909 under the Anglo-Siamese Treaty. During the Japanese Occupation in World War II, Perlis was returned to Thailand. When the Japanese surrendered, Perlis came under British protection until it gained independence under the Federation of Malaya in 1957.
Gua Kelam (Dark Caves)
Located about 26 km from Kangar, the Gua Kelam traverse approximately 37 meters of limestone hills from Kaki Bukit on the Malaysian border to Wang Kelian near the Thai border. The caves were at one time used as a trading route between the locals and the Siamese.
Padang Besar, on the Malaysia-Thailand border, is border market, a shopper's haunt for Malaysians seeking good bargains. Electrical items, leather goods and clothing are favorite buys, though even a leisurely browsing tour of the market is an interesting outing.
Located at the estuarine delta of the Sungai Perlis, Kuala Perlis is noted for its excellent laksa, a dish of rice noodles dipped in spiced fish-soup with sliced onions and cucumber. It is also the entry and exit point to Phuket Island and other coastal towns and villages of Southern Thailand, as well as to Pulau Langkawi.
The royal town, located 10 km south of Kangar, is home to the Istana Di-Raja (Royal Palace) and the Masjid Negeri (State Mosque).
Tasik Melati is a small but picturesque lake located in a lowland area about 8 km north of Kangar. More than 150 sandbar-islands may be seen all over the lake. Sampans can be rowed to these tiny islands. Elevated walkways extend out over the waters, providing hypnotic prospects out across the lake.
Gunung Medan, situated 6 km south of Kangar, is a scenic 300-feet-high limestone outcrop. It is accessible by car on a winding road or on foot by stairways and walkways climbing up to the peak.
Sungai Batu Pahat
Sungai Batu Pahat is located 10km east of Kangar. The town possesses a difficult 9-hole par-72 golf course, which is relatively flat and has numerous obstructions and traps.
The Snake Farm is primarily used as a research facility to test and develop serums for the treatment of venomous snake bites. A large collection of snakes can be viewed. Hours: 8.00am-4.00pm (Tues.-Sun).